KitoOnlus Blog

Building Disaster Resistant Homes

As we already know, the Philippines are very prone to events such as typhoons, but also earthquakes hit the archipelago over the time: both the happenings can destroy houses and other buildings, among their terrible effects. Everybody can at least image the seriousness and hardship of loosing a home, but what if would it happen several times? This is the risk Filipinos take by rebuilding their homes without observing standard for disaster resistant houses, and this is what Kito Onlus is trying to avoid.

First of all, we are going to observe strict rules in the building of the new Health Center in San Francisco Camotes Islands in order to make it typhoons and earthquakes resistant. Secondly, we take the advantage of this opportunity to offering Preparedness Earthquake and Typhoons Trainings also to men involved in the construction: they will learn how to build earthquake and typhoon resistant adobes.

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Building houses safer and sounder is an essential aspect of the disaster prevention, and Kito Onlus project will not only positively affect the response of the Barangays to disasters, but it will also give to these men an important skill they will be able to spend in several ways.

This project is part of the usual Kito Onlus’ Disaster Prevention Trainings. One of them was taken on December in an elementary school and included several demonstrations on how to behave in case of natural disasters.

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La conclusione della COP21

La COP 21 è finita il 12 dicembre con l’ Accordo di Parigi. Quest’ultimo è un accordo globale non vincolante che entrerà in vigore dal 2020 se sarà ratificato da almeno 55 Parti, qualora rappresentino almeno il 55% del totale delle emissioni dei gas serra.

L’accordo segna un momento storico importante. Erano in molti, infatti, a non credere che i negoziati avrebbero condotto a un risultato. Le trattative invece sono durate giorno e notte negli ultimi giorni della conferenza, portando ad un compromesso che sul piano politico rappresenta un successo insperato, nonostante gli scettici siano ancora molti.

Gli obiettivi proposti dall’accordo sono molti. Innanzitutto, si mira a mantenere l’aumento della temperatura “bene al di sotto dei 2°C rispetto ai livelli pre-industriali”, che avrebbero comunque un impatto molto forte sull’ambiente. Nel testo si menziona, infatti, la volontà di compiere “sforzi per limitare l’aumento a 1.5°C”, come voluto fortemente dai paesi più colpiti dal fenomeno.

È riconosciuta alle Parti la responsabilità di implementare piani di azione nazionali, che è quantomeno importante poiché gli effetti del cambiamento climatico assumono forma diversa di luogo in luogo, e quindi è solo con un approccio locale che possono essere affrontati efficacemente. I piani dovranno essere riesaminati ogni cinque anni, ma non è stato stabilito un meccanismo di controllo internazionale che ne verifichi la validità o l’implementazione.

Ad essere inserita nell’accordo all’art. 8 è anche la questione dei “Loss and Damage” (nda. perdite e danne), già emersa durante la COP di Varsavia, relativa alle perdite e danni residuali che si verificano nei paesi più vulnerabili nonostante le azioni condotte su adattamento e mitigazione. Ciononostante, non potrà essere una base giuridica cui appellarsi per ottenere una compensazione da parte dei colpevoli storici dei cambiamenti climatici, ovvero i paesi industrializzati.

Il finanziamento previsto per la promozione di attività nella lotta al cambiamento climatico è di 100 miliardi annui, che dovrebbero essere stanziati dai paesi sviluppati. Si tratta di una quota molto al di sopra di quelle finora investite, e che si spera sarà rispettata.

In conclusione, il testo dell’Accordo di Parigi è indubbiamente un risultato ammirabile paragonandolo a quelli precedenti, ma il discorso su come saranno raggiunti tali obiettivi rimane aperto. Saranno indubbiamente necessari cospicui investimenti nell’energia sostenibile, parallelamente ad una diminuzione sostanziale dell’uso di combustibili fossili. Soprattutto, il tempo impiegato per ottenere risultati avrà un ruolo chiave: si dovrà essere imprescindibilmente veloci.

Infine, lo stile di vita della società dei consumi non potrà che essere rivisto, per tracciare un nuovo percorso che ci permetta di garantire un futuro, o la semplice esistenza, delle generazioni a venire.

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The Nona Typhoon

Its name is Melor, but it is commonly known as Nona in the Philippines. It is the last typhoon that hit the Asian archipelago, making landfall in Northern Samar on December, 14th. It is not the first time Philippines are hit by a typhoon in this period of the year, but what makes this event rare is that traditionally November and December are the beginning of the dry season. Since the number of such events has increased in the last years, it would be automatic to think that this is nothing else than an effect of climate change.

So, since they are always potentially and unpredictably in danger, the Philippines are improving their disaster management system, in order to be able to act quickly and efficiently in the evacuation and rescue operations (read this article).

Once again, the most interested area has been Northern Samar. In fact 724,839 people had been evacuated before typhoon Nona’s arrival, but the number of casualties still is uncertain. What is sure is that the Philippines’ inhabitants’ lives are constantly at stake.

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The second mission of the year!

Kito Onlus President came back from the Philippines, were she went for the second Kito Onlus mission of the year, just a few days ago. During her stay, she had the occasion of meeting up with ICLEI in Manila, which is an important partner of our Association, and interesting perspectives for a renewed collaboration have been discussed.

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She also visited Cebu and San Francisco-Camotes Islands. In fact, it was in this last spot that a welcome ceremony was setting up for her (click here), and where a new Health Center will be built. Indeed, Kito Onlus decided to invest Chiesa Valdese last donation in this new project, and Barangay Esperanza dedicated a space of 8.000 mq where the relocation spot for Tulang Diot inhabitants and the medical center will be placed.

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Kito Onlus is very excited for the starting of this new adventure!

World Human Rights Day

December 10th is the International Human Rights Day, as it was decided in 1948 in order to honor the  adoption and proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights  (UDHR). It was the first global enunciation of human rights, which states:

“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”. (Art.1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

The UDHR’s rights are depicted as “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations”, with the aim of seeing basic need satisfied all over the world.

Nevertheless, human rights still are violated diffusely: everyday we can see families escaping from the war that has been perpetuated for years; migrants coming on European shores without finding real help from our communities; entire populations starving, and villages wiped out by typhoons, floods and tsunamis as a consequence of climate change.

That is why today we have the occasion to reflect on how to act in the human rights promotion, because everybody can make the difference. It is with this purpose that Kito Onlus works hard today, and will work harder tomorrow.

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