September 2017

October 2: the International Day of Nonviolence

Nonviolence is the strongest weapon at human disposal. It is more powerful than the strongest weapon human kind could create. (Mahatma Gandhi)

In 2007 the United Nations declared October 2- Gandhi’s birth date- the International Day of Nonviolence. The resolution was approved by all the UNGA members on proposal of the Indian government. The Indian State Secretary of Foreign Affairs stated that the idea originated during the international conference “Peace, nonviolence and development: Gandhi’s philosophy in the 21st century”  in New Delhi some months before.

At this purpose the United Nations stated: ” On October 2 all the member states should observe the International Day of Nonviolence through public initiatives. Mahatma Gandhi’s message should be spread especially to the youngest generations by promoting awareness campaigns in schools”. Indeed the “nonviolence movement father” was born in 1869 on October 2 in Portbandar (India) and he brought his country to independence from the British colonial power. Moreover he inspired civil rights movement leaders like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.

Let’s give a definition to nonviolence..

Generally the nonviolence principle refuses the use of phisical and verbal violence when trying to reach some social objectives and/or political changes.

Professor Gene Sharp, one of the first nonviolent resistance scholars, in his piece “The politics of Nonviolent Action” uses the following definition:

“Nonviolent action is a tecnique typical to people refusing passivity and submission, still considering fight essential, and such attitude leads them to win their fights using nonviolence. Nonviolent action is not an attempt to avoid or ignore conflicts. It is a response to the question “how could be possibly act efficiently in politics?” or better “how could we use at best our political power?”

Consequently, nonviolence is not only a denial of violence or a “modus operandi”, it is a life-style, and it distinguishes from pacifism which is a mere fight for disarmament.

Nowadays, undoubtedly, there is a need for enhancing this day and- at the same time- raising youth awareness on such issue, maybe even more than in the past.

Good news for the rebuilding of Banilad Elementary School!

“Dear all, with great pleasure we communicate that the Valdese Evangelic Church has approved your funding’s request”

Few words, aren’t they? But they have been sufficient to make Kito Onlus keep dreaming. Indeed, on September 7 2017, we have been acknowledged we won a 30.000 euros call for funding that will allow us to finish the recostruction of Banilad Elementary School, Philippines. Once again we keep on deeply thanking OPM- Chiesa Valdese for believing in us and our projects!

We are ready to restart: on October 3rd a young architect is leaving with Architects Withour Borders Veneto to direct the yard.

Just to refresh your memory a little.. 

The project has been shared with Pinamalayan Municipality, with Oriental Mindoro’s Education Department, and the Vice-Governor of Oriental Mindoro’s Province. Such meetings have been necessary to guarantee financial support to the school and for gathering specialised workforce.

Thus, the local community has been invoved in the project since the beginning: 5 specialised workers have been selected to follow all the yard’s stages and to train volunteers. The main goal of the involvement of the local community has been and is developing a real collaboration and self-determination spirit.

The building, damaged during Nona Typhoon in 2015, was built in the 70s with bad quality materials and the structure was not suitable for typhoons as violent as the 2015 one.

In the meantime children have been following classes in temporary tents exposed to any weather condition. Banilad School is a primary school so students have between 5 and 10 years.

After some inspections by both Kito Onlus and Architects Without Borders Veneto in cooperation with all the above mentioned stakeholders, the decision was taken in November 2016: first a complete demolition of the remainings of the building, then a complete rebuilding of the three classrooms to end up with the realisation of an external structure resistant to both typhoons and earthquakes. While waiting for the funds we are starting with the recostruction of the foundation!


5 settembre: Giornata internazionale della beneficenza

“La peggior miseria non è la fame o la lebbra. E’ la sensazione di essere indesiderabile, rifiutato, abbandonato da tutti.” (Madre Teresa di Calcutta)

La Giornata internazionale della beneficenza è stata fissata il 5 settembre del 2012 dalla Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite. L’obiettivo primo di questa giornata è quello di accrescere la consapevolezza di individui ed organizzazioni circa l’esistenza piattaforme di beneficenza globali.

Un po’ di storia..

L’ International Day of Charity è nata nel 2011 da un’iniziativa della società civile ungherese -supportata dal parlamento ed dal governo nazionali- con lo scopo di organizzare eventi per aumentare il sentimento di solidarietà, responsabilità sociale e supporto pubblico nei confronti della beneficenza.

E’ stato scelto il 5 settembre per commemorare l’anniversario della scomparsa di Madre Teresa di Calcutta, che ricevette il Premio Nobel per la Pace nel 1979 “per tutto il lavoro svolto nell’ambito della lotta alla povertà, che è una delle più profonde minacce alla pace”.

Il 17 dicembre 2012, l’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite ha adottato una risoluzione per fissare il 5 settembre come giornata internazionale della beneficenza. La risoluzione venne co-sponsorizzata da 44 paesi delle Nazioni Unite che, insieme, rappresentano tutti e cinque i Gruppi Regionali dell’ Organizzazione Internazionale.

L’importanza della beneficenza e l’ Agenda 2030 per lo sviluppo sostenibile

In occasione dell’ approvazione della “2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development” adottata nel settembre 2015, le Nazioni Unite hanno riconosciuto che eliminare la povertà in tutte le sue forme è, in assoluto, la più grande sfida oggi ed un requisito indispensabile per uno sviluppo sostenibile. Inoltre, la “2030 Agenda” sottolinea quanto sia essenziale incrementare il senso di solidarietà globale, focalizzandola sui bisogni dei più poveri e dei più vulnerabili. Inoltre, i cosiddetti “Sustainable Development Goals”, in questi primi due anni, hanno aiutato la comunità internazionale a comprendere l’importanza del settore privato a livello economico e non per l’implementazione della stessa agenda: dalle micro- imprese, alle cooperative per finire con le multinazionali e poi passare alla società civile e alle organizzazioni filantropiche .

Infatti, gli SDGs fissati nell’ Agenda possono essere raggruppati in sei aree: esseri umani, pianeta, prosperità, pace e partnership. Tutti questi elementi hanno il potere di trasformare la nostra vita ed il nostro pianeta. Come? Fornendo alle istituzioni filantropiche la struttura necessaria per concedere a tutti di contribuire al miglioramento del nostro mondo.