“Did you know that in the last 20 years, 1.3 million people died because of natural disasters?”
Typhoons, floods, droughts, from the Earthquake in Amatrice to Hurricane Matthew in Haiti, in the whole world today, 13 of October, we remember how important it is to tackle the issue of risks reduction caused by environmental catastrophes; just in 2014, 19.4 million people in the world have been displaced by this kind of emergencies.
The International Day for disasters reduction has been instituted for the first time in 1990, in occasion of the first UN Decade on Environmental Disasters reduction. In 2016, this recurrence reminds us of the recent implementation of Sendai Framework, international agreement lasting fifteen years (2015 – 2030) recognizing States and private sector responsibilities in Risk prevention: the final aim of the Framework is:
“The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries”.
Preparedness is the key element: ad hoc Alarm systems, buildings based on the concept of Resistance to environmental events typical of territorial risks and Resilience of hit territories and populations. Those are the fields in which the struggles of States and International Organizations have to concentrate on, giving more and more importance to a response based on local communities’ capacities and on the challenges that climate change forces us to tackle.
Kito Onlus work in the Philippines has always been built on these kind of needs, trying to offer help and relief in a sustainable, safe and lasting way, especially because set in a context heavily subjected to natural catastrophes and consequent humanitarian crises.